The Effects of Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) addition on the curing kinetics of urea-formaldehyde adhesives for particleboards Original scientific paper

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Mlađan Popović
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9204-5457
Nevena Vukić
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1856-3659
Milanka Điporovic-Momčilović
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2201-1213
Jaroslava Budinski-Simendić
Ivana Gavrilović-Grmuša
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6278-4002
Jasmina Popović
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2122-7311
Ivan Ristić
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4124-4901

Abstract

Addition of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) on the performances of urea-formaldehyde (UF) adhesives was evaluated in this work. Three types of UF adhesives were prepared, one without PDDA addition, and two types with PDDA addition of 1 and 3 wt.% per dry UF adhesive mass. These UF adhesive systems were used for producing experimental particleboard panels. The addition of PDDA decreased the thickness swelling of the panel samples, while the internal bond of the particleboards increased significantly only at the highest PDDA content (3 wt.%). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was applied to address the influence of PDDA on UF adhesive curing kinetics. DSC scans were performed in non-isothermal regimes using different heating rates (5, 10, and 20 °C∙min−1). The activation energy (Ea) of the curing reaction showed slightly lower values for the UF adhesive systems containing PDDA. However, the peak temperatures and enthalpy of reaction did not change significantly. The Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose and Friedman iso-conversional methods were applied to investigate the effects of PDDA addition on the UF adhesive curing process.

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How to Cite
Popović, M., Vukić, N., Điporovic-Momčilović, M., Budinski-Simendić, J., Gavrilović-Grmuša, I., Popović, J., & Ristić, I. (2022). The Effects of Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) addition on the curing kinetics of urea-formaldehyde adhesives for particleboards: Original scientific paper. HEMIJSKA INDUSTRIJA, 76(1), 19–28. https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND210914001P
Section
Engineering of Materials - Composites

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