Pentachlorobenzene sequestration in sediment by carbon rich amendment

Marko Grgić, Jelena Beljin, Snezana Maletić, Marijana Kragulj Isakovski, Jelena Tričković, Tijana Zeremski, Srđan Rončević

Abstract


Organic pollutants in sediments are a worldwide problem because sediments act as sinks for hydrophobic, toxic, persistent and bioaccumulative hazardous compoundssuch as penta­chlorobenzene (PeCB). PeCB can be involved in adsorption, desorption and transformation processes and can be made available to benthic organisms through the sediment–water interface. In order to reduce the risk, this study investigates effects of the dose and contact time between sediment and carbon-rich amendments (activated carbon (AC), biochar (BC) and hummus (HC)) on the effectiveness of detoxification. Four doses of carbon-rich amendments (0.5-10 %) and four equilibrations contact times (14 - 180 days) were investigated. The present research highlights the need for further examination and process optimization of different carbon-rich materials used for contaminant removal. Results have shown that the smallest dose (0.5 %) of investigated sorbents was sufficient to reduce the bioavailable fraction of PeCB below 5 %, and the ageing process after 14 days for AC and 30 days for HM and BC negligibly influenced the bioavailable fraction.


Keywords


sequestration, bioavailability, sediment, remediation, pentachlorobenzene

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND1811140001G

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