Analiza i simulacija procesa bioakumulacije odabranih metala iz zagađenog zemljišta

Ljiljana Babincev, Miljana Marković, Dragana Radosavljević

Abstract


Cilj ovog rada je analiza i simulacija procesa bioakumulacije jona Pb2+, Cd2+ i Zn2+ u aluvijalnom zemljištu praćenjem njihove koncentracije pre i nakon zasada biljaka. Simulacijom procesa bioakumulacije razvijen je i usavršen model koji daje zavisnosti koncentracije jona metala u zemljištu pre i nakon zasada biljaka. U radu su analizirani uzorci zemljišta uzeti na severnom delu Kosova i Metohije. U procesu bioakumulacije korišćene su sledeće biljke: a) povrtarske: zelena salata (Lactuca sativa L.) i crni luk (Allium cepa L.); b) leguminoze: zvezdan (Lotus corniculatus L.) i crvena detelina (Trifolium pratense L.) i c) korovske biljke: troskot (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) i visoki vijuk (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Eksperimentalni deo rada izveden je putem vegetacionih ogleda. Koncentracija jona metala određivana je potenciometrijskom striping analizom (PSA). Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju: I) da je koncentracija jona metala u svim uzorcima zemljišta iznad propisanih vrednosti; II) da je različit stepen akumulacije praćenih elemenata u ispitivanim biljnim vrstama. Promena koncentracije jona metala pre i posle zasada modelovana je linearnom regresijom, pri čemu su vrednosti koeficijenata modela određene minimizacijom srednje kvadratne greške. 


Keywords


joni teških metala, zemljište, biljke, PSA, bioakumulacija

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