Influence of 24-epibrassinolide on seedling growth and distribution of mineral elements in two maize hybrids

Hadi K. Waisi, Anđelka Z. Petković, Bogdan R. Nikolić, Bojan Ž. Janković, Vera B. Raičević, Blažo T. Lalević, Zlatko S. Giba

Abstract


In this study, influence of wide range of 24-epibrassinolide (24-EBL) on early growth pot­ential of two maize hybrids (ZP 434 and ZP 704) was examined. Paper concerns germin­ation, seedling biomass, important chlorophylls content, and redistribution of elements (heavy metals and microelements), in a seedlings of the maize hybrids, as influenced by different 24-EBL concentrations. It was found that hybrids react differently to exogenously applied hormone. The biggest differences between two examined maize hybrids consider­ing the germination level were reached with the lowest values at 86% for ZP 704 and 72% for ZP 434, gained at the highest applied concentration of 24-EBL. Seedlings of hybrid ZP 434 reacted positively moderately in the case of shoot length and biomass under the influence of 24-EBL, but seedlings of hybrid ZP 704 had lower values of these parameters under the influence of the phytohormone. Chlorophyll a/b ratios showed that photosyn­thetic apparatus of seedlings of the hybrids is not active in this stage of development. It was established that 24-EBL affects seedling growth and re-allocation of naturally present mineral elements in early growth stages and that could be one of the reason for poorer growth of ZP 704 treated with various concentrations of 24-EBL, comparing to control. When applied in lower concentrations, 24-EBL is blocking toxic elements such as chromium and nickel to relocate to vital parts of plant, what was case in hybrid ZP704. In case of ZP 434, lower concentrations of 24-EBL are affecting re-allocation of Cu and Cr and these find­ings suggest that maize hybrid seedlings treated with lower concentrations of 24-EBL could survive and be successful in polluted areas.


Keywords


24-epibrassinolide; maize; heavy metals; element redistribution; plant protection

Full Text:

PDF (470 kB)

References


D.N. Duvick, K.G. Cassman, Post–green revolution trends in yield potential of temperate maize in the North-Central United States, Crop Sci. 39 (1999) 1622–1630.

M. Miransari, D.L. Smith, Plant hormones and seed germination, Environ. Exp. Bot. 99 (2014) 110–121.

H. Waisi, A. Kosović, Đ. Krstić, D. Milojković-Opsenica, B. Nikolić, V. Dragičević, J. Trifković, Polyphenolic Profile of Maize Seedlings Treated with 24-Epibrassinolide, J. Chem. 2015 (2015), Article ID 976971

R.N. Arteca, J.M. Bachman, N.B. Mandava Effects of indole-3-acetic acid and brassinosteroid on ethylene biosynthesis in etiolated mung bean hypocotyl segments. J. Plant Physiol. 133 (1988) 430–435.

A. Bajguz, A. Tretyn, The chemical characteristic and distribution of brassinosteroids in plants, Phytochem. 62 (2003) 1027–1046.

M.M.A. Gomes, Physiological effects related to brassinosteroid application in plants, in: Brassinosteroids: A Class of Plant Hormone, Springer, Dordrecht, 2011, pp. 193–242.

K.S. Dhillon, S.K. Dhillon, Studies on toxicity of selenium and other elements in soil–plant animal system using radiotracer techniques, in: M.S. Sachdev, P. Sachdev, D.L. Deb (Eds.), Isotopes and radiations in agriculture and environment research. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, 1996, pp. 112–127.

P. Sharma, R. Bhardwaj, N. Arora, H. Arora, A. Kumar, Effects of 28-homobrassinolide on nickel uptake, protein content and antioxidative defence system in Brassica juncea, Biol. Plant. 52 (2008) 767–770.

V.A. Khripach, V.N. Zhabinskii, A.E. de Groot, Twenty years of brassinosteroids: steroidal plant hormones war¬rant better crops for the XXI century, Ann. Bot. (Oxford, U.K.) 86 (2000) 441–447.

N. Arora, R. Bhardwaj, P. Sharma, H.K. Arora, Effects of 28-homobrassinolide on growth, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzyme activities in seedlings of Zea mays L. under salinity stress, Acta Physiol. Plant. 30(6) (2008) 833–839.

R.D. Graham, R.M. Welch, Breeding for staple food crops with high micronutrient density, Int. Food Policy Res. Inst. 3 (1996) 16–17.

ISTA, International Seed Testing Association, Seed Testing International, International rules for seed testing. Seed Sci. Technol. 21 (1996) 1–288.

J.F. Farrar, S. Gunn, Allocation: allometry, acclimation and alchemy, in: H. Lambers, H. Poorter, M.M.I. Van Vuren (Eds.), Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, 1998, pp. 183–197.

EPA, U.S. Method 3051B, Microwave assisted acid digestion of sediments, sludges, soils, and oils, 2007.

H.K. Lichtenthaler, Chlorophyll and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Meth. Enzymol. 148 (1987) 350–382.

R. Gupta, S.K. Chakrabarty, Gibberellic acid in plant: Still a mystery unresolved, Plant Signal. Behav. 8 (2013) e25504.

Q.F. Li, J.X. He, Mechanisms of signaling crosstalk between brassinosteroids and gibberellins, Plant Signal. Behav.8 (2013) e24686

J. Li, J. Chory, Brassinosteroid actions in plants, J. Exp. Bot. 50 (1999) 275–282.

C.P. Darley, A.M. Forrester, S.J. Mcqueen-Mason, The molecular basis of plant cell wall extension. in Plant Cell Walls, Springer, Dordrecht, 2001, pp. 179–195.

S.D. Clouse, J.M. Sasse, Brassinosteroids: Essential Regulators of Plant Growth and Development. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 49 (1998) 427–451.

S.D. Clouse. Brassinosteroids, Arabidopsis Book 9 (2011) e0151.

M.A. Adebisi, T.O. Kehinde, J.B.O. Porbeni, O.A. Oduwaye, K. Biliaminu, S.A. Akintunde, Seed and Seedling Vigour in Tropical Maize Inbred Lines, Plant Breed Seed Sci. 67 (2014) 87–102.

J.W. Mitchell, L.E. Gregory, Enhancement of overall plant growth, a new response to brassins, Nature 239 (1972) 253–254.

F. Babani, H.K. Lichtenthaler, Light-induced and Age-dependent Development of Chloroplasts in Etiolated Barley Leaves as Visualized by Determination of Photo-synthetic Pigments, C0 2 Assimilation Rates and Different Kinds of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Ratios, J. Plant Physiol. 148 (1996) 555–566.

B.R. Thomas, R.L. Rodriguez, Metabolite signals regulate gene expression and source/sink relations in cereal seedlings, Plant Physiol. 106 (1994) 1235.

J.N. Pearson, Z. Rengel, Distribution and remobilization of Zn and Mn during grain development in wheat, J. Exp. Bot. 45 (1994) 1829–1835.

M. Nešković, R. Konjević, L. Ćulafić, S. Ivašković, Fiziologija biljaka. NNK International, 2003 (in Serbian).

P. Sharma, R. Bhardwaj, Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on growth and metal uptake in Brassica juncea L. under copper metal stress, Acta Physiol. Plant. 29 (2007) 259–263.

S. Hayat, B. Ali, S.A. Hasan, A. Ahmad, Brassinosteroid enhanced the level of antioxidants under cadmium stress in Brassica juncea. Environ. Exp. Bot. 60 (2007) 33–41.

P. Sharma, R. Bhardwaj, N. Arora, H.K. Arora, A. Kumar, Effects of 28-homobrassinolide on nickel uptake, protein content and antioxidative defence system in Brassica juncea, Biol. Plant. 52 (2008). 767–770.

F. Bittner, Molybdenum metabolism in plants and cross-talk to iron. Front Plant Sci. 5 (2014) 28.

H. Marschner, Functions of mineral nutrients: macro-nutrients., Mineral nutrition of higher plants, 2nd ed., Academic Press, New York, 1995, pp. 299–312.

D.T. Britto, H.J. Kronzucker, Sodium efflux in plant roots: What do we really know?, J. Plant Physiol. 186 (2015) 1–12.

S. Anuradha, S.S.R. Rao, Application of brassinosteroids to rice seeds (Oryza sativa L.) reduced the impact of salt stress on growth, prevented photosynthetic pigment loss and increased nitrate reductase activity, Plant Growth Regul. 40 (2003) 29–32.

Brassinosteroids: a class of plant hormone, S. Hayat, A. Ahmad (Eds.), Springer Science & Business Media, 2010.

V.V. Semenčenko, L.V. Mojović, M.M. Radosavljević, D.R. Terzić, M.S. Milašinović-Šeremešić, M.Z. Janković, Mogućnosti iskorišćenja sporednih proizvoda prerade kukuruznog zrna iz proizvodnje etanola i skroba, Hem. Ind. 67 (2013) 385–397.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND160318030W

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 HEMIJSKA INDUSTRIJA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.